The county supervises a majority of juvenile offenders

County probation departments supervise the vast majority of all juvenile offenders. A very small number of offenders are committed to the California Division of Juvenile Justice (DJJ) and become a state responsibility. As a result, DJJ’s population represents less than one percent of the 225,000 youths arrested in California each year. These offenders represent a specialized group with needs that cannot be addressed by county programs.

County Supervision

Most juvenile offenders today are committed to county facilities in their home community where they can be closer to their families and local social services that are vital to rehabilitation.

One such county facility is the Los Angeles County Office of Education which works in conjunction with the probation department. At least 1,800 incarcerated and at-risk youth receive instruction and educational services from LACOE at 13 sites that include juvenile halls, probation camps, treatment centers and group homes.

County probation departments make recommendations to judges on placements and sentencing of juveniles, supervise these offenders in the community, provide rehabilitation and training services to probationers, and operate juvenile halls and county ranches and camps.

State Supervision

The Division of Juvenile Justice (DJJ), originally known as the California Youth Authority (CYA), was created by statute in 1941 and began operating in 1943, providing training and parole supervision for juvenile and young adult offenders. Currently, the DJJ receives its youthful offender population from both juvenile and superior court referrals.

The DJJ maintains facilities for California’s youthful offenders up to the age of 25 who have the most serious criminal backgrounds and most intense treatment needs. The primary services provided are academic and vocational education, treatment programs that address violent and criminogenic behavior, sex offender behavior, and substance abuse and mental health problems, and medical care.

Daniel R. Perlman
The Law Offices of Daniel R. Perlman